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Author Archives: Brad Keefauver

The 17 Steps: The Three Gables

The 17 Steps: The Three Gables

Seventeen thoughts for further ponderance of the case at hand – The Three Gables (3GAB)

Then he strode across the room, flung open the door. – Illustration by Howard K. Elcock in The Strand Magazine, October 1926

Watson writes that Holmes “had just settled me into the well-worn low armchair on one side of the fire, while he had curled down with his pipe in his mouth upon the opposite chair, when our visitor arrived.” Steve Dixie then bursts in, looks the two men over, identifies Holmes, then starts “coming with an unpleasant, stealthy step round the angle of the table.”

Has this table been between visitors and the fireplace chairs in any previous adventures? With all the entrances Watson has recorded at the 221B sitting room, why haven’t more people had to walk around that table?

One of the hot buttons surrounding Steve Dixie’s offensive caricature is his constant use of the title “Masser” in referring to Holmes. The reader’s immediate reaction seems to be that it’s a sloppy version of “Master,” and that Dixie is an ex-slave from America whose life has been spent referring to white people with that title. Is there any hope for a different interpretation of “Masser Holmes”? Wouldn’t an immigrant bruiser like Dixie choose to threaten people with a less subservient title, having given up that life? Or was Dixie actually referring to Holmes with a title that couldn’t be printed in Strand Magazine, and Watson was cleaning up Dixie’s language with his own prejudicial version? (Try reading Dixie’s lines substituting “m*****f*****” for “masser,” if you’re indelicate enough to try it, and you’ll find him much more the “terrrific” Dixie, as Watson describes him.) Why could Dixie say “Mr. Holmes” perfectly well when quoting Barney Stockdale?

If this tale didn’t have enough hot buttons in it already, certain lines have been interpretted in ways that may not have been aligned with the original intention. Watson writes that Dixie “swung a huge knotted lump of a fist under my friend’s nose” and that “Holmes examined it closely with an air of great interest.”

When Holmes then coolly asks, “Were you born so? Or did it come by degrees?” many modern readers take this to be a racial slur. Sure, Holmes says it while looking at the fist under his nose. But while Watson writes that the fist is “huge” and the fist is “knotted,” but never that the fist is “black.” The fact the fist is under Holmes’s nose also implies one more condition not directly mentioned: Dixie is a violent jerk.

So what was it that Holmes thinks Steve Dixie came to by degrees? Size? Knottiness? Or being a rude, door-busting jerk?

“I’ve wanted to meet you for some time,” Holmes tells Dixie, and after an exchange of threats and insults, continues with, “But it was the killing of young Perkins outside the Holborn Bar–”

Later, Holmes states, “He is one of the Spencer John gang and has taken part in some dirty work of late which I may clear up when I have time.”

Couldn’t Holmes put Lestrade or someone on the trails he couldn’t get to immediately, especially the ones involving murder? Where was Holmes hearing of these non-client crimes and did he only bother with then, regardless of their severity, when he didn’t have a paying client?

How much do we know about Douglas Maberly?

All London knew him, including Sherlock Holmes. He was a “magnificent creature,” “vitally alive,” and “lived intensely–every fibre of him!” In fact, Holmes speaks about him with such out-of-character passion that we start to wonder about the detective’s heterosexuality. We know Maberly was a junior member of the embassy staff in Rome, as well as a writer, when he died, but what was he in London that he impressed Sherlock Holmes so much with his vitality?

Here’s a pretty little puzzle — listen to Susan’s accent for a moment:

“Leave me alone! What are you a-doin’ of?”

“I was comin’ in to ask if the visitors was stayin’ for lunch . . .”

“Who be you, anyhow, and what right have you a-pullin’ me about like this?”

Where does this wheezy woman hail from, based upon this goofy accent of hers? Ireland? America? Australia? Or somewhere else entirely?

“Now, Mrs. Maberley, has any object just arrived?” Holmes asks his client.

“No, I have bought nothing new this year,” Mrs. Maberly replies.

In today’s consumer culture, the thought that Mrs. Maberly has bought nothing in a year is a feat that belongs in the record books, especially as she has not been in her house all that long. Is Mrs. Maberly referring to a certain level of purchase, or has she not even had a new dress in this year?

“Your letter to me had the 10 P. M. postmark,” Holmes tells Mrs. Maberly, and the modern reader gapes in wonder. Just how much information did the Victorian postmark carry? Was said info rubber stamped or marked by hand? Did postmarking go on around the clock?

First we learn of Holmes failing to look into the young Perkins murder, then he makes the pronouncement, “But you said–why, surely this might be the missing link,” as he sees Douglas Maberly’s trunks. He then tells his client to examine them, and he will call tomorrow to find out if she’s found anything.

Has Holmes gone the route of self-serve gas stations, letting clients do his observation for him? How could Holmes *not* be curious enough to help Mrs. Maberly look through her son’s things in pursuit of hidden treasure?

“Now, Watson, this is a case for Langdale Pike,” Holmes announces.

Watson explains to us that “Langdale Pike was his human book of reference upon all matters of social scandal. This strange, languid creature spent his waking hours in the bow window of a St. James’s Street club and was the receiving-station as well as the transmitter for all the gossip of the metropolis.”

What made Holmes so quick to turn to Langdale Pike in this matter? The detective knows that he’s looking for an object that makes the Maberly house more valuable than it really is. Why would he think that object had something to do with social scandal?

Of Langdale Pike, Watson says, “He made, it was said, a four-figure income by the paragraphs which he contributed every week to the garbage papers which cater to an inquisitive public.”

What were the “garbage” papers of Victorian London and what garbage filled their pages? Might Watson have had his own celebrity mishap with such scandal sheets, explaining why he seems down on them?

“Before he could get away I sprang up and seized him,” the elderly Mary Maberly explains. “I clung to him, but he shook me off, and the other may have struck me, for I can remember no more.”

Not that this fiesty old lady needs it, but would a Victorian woman living alone with two maids have a weapon in her house for just such occasions as this?

“. . . face bled considerably from the cuts and blows, but it was nothing to the bleeding of his heart as he saw that lovely face, the face for which he had been prepared to sacrifice his very life, looking out at his agony and humiliation. She smiled–yes, by Heaven! she smiled, like the heartless fiend she was, as he looked up at her. It was at that moment that love died and hate was born. Man must live for something. If it is not for your embrace, my lady, then it shall surely be for your undoing and my complete revenge.”
This passage, we are told, looks like the end of a 245 page novel. From what we are later told, we known this is Douglas Maberly’s fictionalized account of his romance with Isadora Klein. What must those first 244 pages have been, considering that Maberly expected to get it published? What kind of plot might it have had, ending as it did? Was it a simple tragic romance, or something smuttier, to be published under the name “Anonymous”? Couldn’t he have come up with a better ending, or was it unfinished?

“I hear that she is about to marry the young Duke of Lomond, who might almost be her son. His Grace’s ma might overlook the age, but a big scandal would be a different matter . . .”

A big scandal, eh? What about “Then there was an interval of adventure when she pleased her own tastes. She had several lovers . . .”

Would the Duke of Lomond hear about Isadora’s many lovers, or were their circles different enough that such rumors didn’t reach her? Wouldn’t Klein’s “adventuress” reputation alone kill the wedding?

Isadora Klein explains, “He wanted marriage–marriage, Mr. Holmes– with a penniless commoner. Nothing less would serve him. Then he became pertinacious. Because I had given he seemed to think that I still must give, and to him only.”

Wow, could Ms. Klein actually be talking about sex here? If so, is this the only real reference to that biological act in the Canon? (No puns, double entendres, or other Shavian humor allowed in the answering of this question.)

Isadora Klein lived in “one of the finest corner-houses of the West End,” a prominent house in a prominent neighborhood. And Ms. Klein hired a gang of thugs to beat the most popular man in London in front of this same house.

How is it that Maberly’s beating wasn’t the talk of all London? Couldn’t the police pull in hired louts like Stockdale and Dixie? Why would it take a novel to bring this to the fore?

“What else could I do with my whole future at stake?” Isadora protests.

If Isadora is the richest, best-looking widow on Earth, how could her whole future be ruined by a book that may or may not have been about her, as far as readers were concerned? What would marriage to the Duke of Lomond have gained her that her life would be ruined without?

The Seventeen Steps originally appeared on the Hounds of the Internet e-list from September 2000 to October 2001 and later on the Sherlock Peoria blog.

Brad KeefauverBrad Keefauver, the 41st Garrideb, is the author of The Elementary Methods of Sherlock Holmes, Sherlock and the Ladies, and The Armchair Baskerville Tour. Former publisher of The Holmes & Watson ReportThe Dangling Prussian, and a whole lot of obscure, collectable little things on our boy Sherlock. Keefauver is a member of the Baker Street Irregulars and the Adventuresses of Sherlock Holmes.

The 17 Steps: The Missing Three-Quarter

The 17 Steps: The Missing Three-Quarter

Seventeen thoughts for further ponderance of the case at hand – The Missing Three-Quarter (MISS) SHERLOCK WASN’T THE ONLY ONE RUNNING IN THE STRAND “Strand postmark, and dispatched ten thirty-six,” said Holmes, reading it over and over. “Mr. Overton was evidently considerably excited when he sent it, and somewhat incoherent in consequence.” What might a young… Continue Reading

The 17 Steps: The Veiled Lodger

The 17 Steps: The Veiled Lodger

Seventeen thoughts for further ponderance of the case at hand – The Veiled Lodger (VEIL) FORGET THE TIN DISPATCH BOX, I’LL TAKE THIS COLLECTION! Watson writes, “There is the long row of year-books which fill a shelf, and there are the dispatch-cases filled with documents, a perfect quarry for the student not only of crime but… Continue Reading

The 17 Steps: The Lion’s Mane

The 17 Steps: The Lion’s Mane

Seventeen thoughts for further ponderance of the case at hand – The Lion’s Mane (LION) WATCH ME PULL A LION’S MANE OUT OF MY HAT! “It is a most singular thing that a problem which was certainly as abstruse and unusual as any which I have faced in my long professional career should have come to… Continue Reading

The 17 Steps: The Norwood Builder

The 17 Steps: The Norwood Builder

Seventeen thoughts for further ponderance of the case at hand – The Norwood Builder (NORW) LIFE WITHOUT PROFESSOR MORIARTY “The community is certainly the gainer, and no one the loser, save the poor out-of-work specialist, whose occupation has gone. With that man in the field, one’s morning paper presented infinite possibilities. Often it was only the… Continue Reading

The 17 Steps: The Stockbroker’s Clerk

The 17 Steps: The Stockbroker’s Clerk

Seventeen thoughts for further ponderance of the case at hand – The Stockbroker’s Clerk (STOC) IN THE PRIME OF HIS WATSONHOOD “I had confidence,” Dr. Watson tells us, “in my own youth and energy and was convinced that in a very few years the concern would be as flourishing as ever.” After all Watson’s earlier talk… Continue Reading

The 17 Steps: A Case of Identity

The 17 Steps: A Case of Identity

Seventeen thoughts for further ponderance of the case at hand – A Case of Identity (IDEN) FRIENDS WITH THINGS IN COMMON In this tale Watson refers to Holmes’s “position of unofficial adviser and helper to everybody who is absolutely puzzled, throughout three continents.” Does this coincide with Watson’s 3 continents? Is this also, perhaps, evidence that… Continue Reading

The 2000 Three Garridebs Project

The 2000 Three Garridebs Project

“… such elaborate preparations …” – The Red-Headed League (REDH) Among my other Sherlockian skills is one I call “bad at running a scion society.” Maybe it was the timing or just my own self-absorbtion/maybe-ADD, but along the way, between the Hansoms of John Clayton losing it’s founding show-runner and the final meeting, we did… Continue Reading

The 17 Steps: The Mazarin Stone

The 17 Steps: The Mazarin Stone

Seventeen thoughts for further ponderance of the case at hand – The Mazarin Stone (MAZA) BAKER STREET, THIRD PERSON “He looked round him at the scientific charts upon the wall, the acid-charred bench of chemicals, the violin-case leaning in the corner, the coal-scuttle, which contained of old the pipes and tobacco.” What sort of scientific charts… Continue Reading

The 17 Steps: The Priory School

The 17 Steps: The Priory School

Seventeen thoughts for further ponderance of the case at hand – The Priory School (PRIO) DIRT FROM ALL THROUGH ENGLAND Of Huxtable we are told, “Collar and shirt bore the grime of a long journey, and the hair bristled unkempt from the well-shaped head.” Thorneycroft Huxtable had rushed to Baker Street from the north of… Continue Reading