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Author Archives: Brad Keefauver

The 17 Steps: Thor Bridge

The 17 Steps: Thor Bridge

Seventeen thoughts for further ponderance of the case at hand – The Problem of Thor Bridge (THOR)

Holmes was kneeling beside the stonework, and a joyous cry showed that he had found what he expected. – Illustration by Alfred Gilbert in The Strand Magazine March 1922

“Somewhere in the vaults of the bank of Cox and Co., at Charing Cross, there is a travel-worn and battered tin dispatch-box with my name, John H. Watson, M.D., Late Indian Army, painted upon the lid. It is crammed with papers, nearly all of which are records of cases to illustrate the curious problems which Mr. Sherlock Holmes had at various times to examine.”

These words were first published in February 1922. Can we assume that the famous dispatch-box was still there at the time of publication? Even though Watson uses the present tense, he had to take the box out to prepare “Thor Bridge” for publication, didn’t he? Why was Watson keeping this box in a bank vault to begin with?

“A problem without a solution may interest the student, but can hardly fail to annoy the casual reader. Among these unfinished tales is that of Mr. James Phillimore, who, stepping back into his own house to get his umbrella, was never more seen in this world. No less remarkable is that of the cutter Alicia, which sailed one spring morning into a small patch of mist from where she never again emerged, nor was anything further ever heard of herself and her crew. A third case worthy of note is that of Isadora Persano, the well-known journalist and duellist, who was found stark staring mad with a match box in front of him which contained a remarkable worm said to be unknown to science.”

Would reading such mysterious, unfathomable tales of mysteries beyond human ken actually annoy the readers? Or is it Holmes that would be annoyed? Did Watson let his Literary Agent have the really strange stuff to publish without the Holmes connection?

“You have heard of Neil Gibson, the Gold King?” Holmes asks.

“You mean the American Senator?” Watson replies.

“Well, he was once Senator for some Western state,” Holmes corrects.

Would an Englishman who had not spent some time in America know much of an American senator? Is Watson’s outdated knowledge further evidence of his time in America?

Okay, Neil Gibson is American enough to serve in the Senate. So why does this seeming all-American boy take his Brazilian wife and run off to England? With his money, surely he could live in the climate of his choice, and America offers a much wider selection than Britain. So why would an ex-Senator bail out on his native land?

Marlow Bates speaks of soon being free of Gibson’s “accursed slavery.” Watson’s first impression of Gibson a few moments later is that of “an Abraham Lincoln keyed to base uses instead of high ones.” Did the thought of Gibson’s “slavery” inspire Watson’s thoughts of Lincoln? Did Abraham Lincoln leave such an impresssion on the English, or is this a further sign of Watson’s American connections?

“I could not but admire him, for by a supreme self-command he had turned in a minute from a hot flame of anger to a frigid and contemptuous indifference.”

Is what Watson describes here an admirable trait, or the sign of some seriously scary psychosis? We’ve already heard testimony of how evil this man is by his manager. We’ve seen his fiendish, knotted fist look. Is this calm just a well-practiced guise from his political career?

“You’ve done yourself no good this morning, Mr. Holmes, for I have broken stronger men than you,” the evil Abe Lincoln says in his “calm” state. “No man ever crossed me and was the better for it.”

If Gibson didn’t wind up a reformed man thanks to Miss Dunbar, might he eventually wind up facing Holmes as an adversary? When would he have broken stronger men than Holmes? In politics? In finance? Did he do it within the law or without?

Gibson crows “I can make or break–and it is usually break. It wasn’t individuals only. It was communities, cities, even nations.”

Nations? Is Gibson full of himself, or was there a nation he might have broken in the Victorian era? Which one?

Grace Dunbar “believed and said that a fortune for one man that was more than he needed should not be built on ten thousand ruined men who were left without the means of life.”

Didn’t Gibson get his fortune from gold? How did he ruin ten thousand in gathering his wealth, as Miss Dunbar seems to accuse?

Holmes says, “I have no doubt we can get the necessary permits this morning and reach Winchester by the evening train.”

With few exceptions, Sherlock Holmes didn’t seem to bother with warrants and such. J. Neil Gibson was obviously going to allow Holmes access to the murder site. So why did Holmes need to get permits (or “the official pass”) in London for Winchester?

Like so many other murder mystery victims, Maria Pinto Gibson has a note held tight in her dead fist. Now, a shot to the head is a pretty traumatic event . . . would the muscles of the hand still be responding to a brain that had sustained such catastrophic impact?

“I had expected from all that we had heard to see a beautiful woman, but I can never forget the effect which Miss Dunbar produced upon me. It was no wonder that even the masterful millionaire had found in her something more powerful than himself–something which could control and guide him.”

What the heck is Watson talking about here? Is he really raising superficial beauty to the level of a divine power?

“Suddenly, however, as we neared our destination he seated himself opposite to me –we had a first-class carriage to ourselves–and laying a hand upon each of my knees he looked into my eyes with the peculiarly mischievous gaze which was characteristic of his more imp-like moods.”

Was Holmes looking at Watson this way because he was sure he had the case solved, or because he was going to attempt to dispose of Watson’s revolver in Thor mere? Could the detective have been actually trying to get the weapon out of the aging doctor’s hands for the safety of all concerned?

“I was young and ardent in those days . . . she was rare and wonderful in her beauty . . . passionate, whole-hearted, tropical, ill-balanced, very different from the American women whom I had known. Well, to make a long story short, I loved her and I married her. It was only when the romance had passed–and it lingered for years . . . But nothing changed her. She adored me in those English woods as she had adored me twenty years ago on the banks of the Amazon.”

Two young passionate lovers are quite naturally going to reproduce, especially in the younger days of their relationship. And since the Gibsons had been married for twenty years, shouldn’t their kids be a bit old for a governess by Grace Dunbar’s day?

“Perhaps you have seen her portrait in the papers. The whole world has proclaimed that she also is a very beautiful woman.”

Where were the newspapers getting their beautiful portraits of Grace Dunbar? Was Gibson giving them to the papers in hopes of her beauty convincing the public of her innocence? Wouldn’t the “think-the-worst” public prefer that this great beauty was really a killer?

“You can let Mr. Gibson know that I will see him in the morning, when steps can be taken for Miss Dunbar’s vindication.”

What steps might Holmes have planned to take to prove Grace Dunbar’s innocence that Sergeant Coventry couldn’t have handled?

Holmes speculates about Gibson and Dunbar: “Should they in the future join their forces, as seems not unlikely, the financial world may find that Mr. Neil Gibson has learned something in that schoolroom of sorrow where our earthly lessons are taught.”

Of course, J. Neil Gibson had earlier married a beautiful woman from a country different from his own, and later thought he was too different from her (as different as he had earlier thought she was from American women he had known). Would this relationship be any different in the end? Or would Gibson tire of his British conquest as he had of his North and South American ones?

The Seventeen Steps originally appeared on the Hounds of the Internet e-list from September 2000 to October 2001 and later on the Sherlock Peoria blog.

Brad Keefauver, the 41st Garrideb, is the author of The Elementary Methods of Sherlock Holmes, Sherlock and the Ladies, and The Armchair Baskerville Tour. Former publisher of The Holmes & Watson ReportThe Dangling Prussian, and a whole lot of obscure, collectable little things on our boy Sherlock. Keefauver is a member of the Baker Street Irregulars and the Adventuresses of Sherlock Holmes.

The 17 Steps: The Cardboard Box

The 17 Steps: The Cardboard Box

Seventeen thoughts for further ponderance of the case at hand – The Cardboard Box (CARD) AND NOW FOR SOMETHING COMPLETELY DIFFERENT “Ring for our boots and tell them to order a cab. I’ll be back in a moment when I have changed my dressing-gown and filled my cigar-case.” Now, we know Holmes’s boots aren’t going… Continue Reading

The 17 Steps: Charles Augustus Milverton

The 17 Steps: Charles Augustus Milverton

Seventeen thoughts for further ponderance of the case at hand – Charles Augustus Milverton (CHAS)   SHERLOCK HOLMES LOSES CONTROL “As Holmes turned up the lamp the light fell upon a card on the table. He glanced at it, and then, with an ejaculation of disgust, threw it on the floor.” Perhaps the most telling example… Continue Reading

The 17 Steps: The Naval Treaty

The 17 Steps: The Naval Treaty

Seventeen thoughts for further ponderance of the case at hand – The Naval Treaty (NAVA) WHO WANTS TO BE A MILLIONA … ER, STUDENT? Of Percy Phelps, Watson writes: “He was a very brilliant boy and carried away every prize which the school had to offer, finishing his exploits by winning a scholarship which sent him… Continue Reading

The 17 Steps: The Man With the Twisted Lip

The 17 Steps: The Man With the Twisted Lip

Seventeen thoughts for further ponderance of the case at hand – The Man with the Twisted Lip (TWIS) WATSON’S LONDON GOSSIP COLUMN “Isa Whitney, brother of the late Elias Whitney, D. D., Principal of the Theological College of St. George’s, was much addicted to opium,” this tale begins. While the Hounds have often discussed Watson’s protecting… Continue Reading

The 17 Steps: The Sign of The Four

The 17 Steps: The Sign of The Four

Seventeen thoughts for further ponderance of the case at hand – The Sign of the Four (SIGN)   WATSON’S FLAW The Sign of the Four begins by showing us a major flaw in our hero’s character, his cocaine usage. Watson, it would seem, does not make it through the tale without showing a flaw of… Continue Reading

A Basic Timeline of Terra 221B – The Three Garridebs

A Basic Timeline of Terra 221B – The Three Garridebs

“… this enables me to fix the date …” – The Adventure of the Three Garridebs (3GAR) Editor’s Note: Back in 2000-2001, Brad Keefauver, the 41st Garrideb, was a discussion leader on the Hounds of the Internet and was publishing The 17 Steps discussion questions that we have been reprinting here monthly. In addition, he would also publish a… Continue Reading

The 17 Steps: His Last Bow

The 17 Steps: His Last Bow

Seventeen thoughts for further ponderance of the case at hand – His Last Bow (LAST) THE RECORD HOLDER FOR TERRIBLE Watson begins this tale, published in 1917 with: “It was nine o’clock at night upon the second of August–the most terrible August in the history of the world.” And indeed it was — at that time.… Continue Reading

The 17 Steps: Shoscombe Old Place

The 17 Steps: Shoscombe Old Place

Seventeen thoughts for further ponderance of the case at hand – Shoscombe Old Place (SHOS) THE SCOTLAND YARD FORENSICS DEPARTMENT “Is it one of your cases?” Watson asks Holmes of his microscope study. “No; my friend, Merivale, of the Yard, asked me to look into the case.” If the matter of the dead policeman wasn’t Holmes’s… Continue Reading

The 17 Steps: The Red Circle

The 17 Steps: The Red Circle

Seventeen thoughts for further ponderance of the case at hand – The Red Circle (REDC)   WHAT’S SHERLOCK GOT AGAINST MRS. WARREN? We begin this case with Holmes saying, “Well, Mrs. Warren, I cannot see that you have any particular cause for uneasiness, nor do I understand why I, whose time is of some value, should interfere… Continue Reading